Bagha Jatin (Bāghā Jatin, lit: Tiger Jatin), born Jatindranath Mukherjee (Jotindrônāth Mukhōpaddhāē) (7 December 1879–10 September 1915) was a Bengali revolutionary philosopher against British rule.
He was the principal leader of the Yugantar party that was the central association of revolutionaries in Bengal. Having met the German Crown-Prince in Calcutta shortly before World War I, he obtained the promise of arms and ammunition from Germany; as such, he was responsible for the planned German Plot during World War I.
Another of his original contributions was the indoctrination of the Indian soldiers in various regiments in favour of an insurrection.
After passing the Entrance examination in 1895, Jatin joined the Calcutta Central College (now Khudiram Bose College), to study Fine Arts. At the same time, he took lessons in steno typing with Mr Atkinson: this is a new qualification opening possibilities of a coveted career. Soon he started visiting Swami Vivekananda, whose social thought, and especially his vision of a politically independent India — indispensable for the spiritual progress of humanity — had a great influence on Jatin.
He organised secret groups of revolutionaries in many parts of Bengal to fight the British and sought recruits from the British army to start a rebellion. The British police finally caught up with him near Balasore where a gun battle ensued and Jatin was wounded.He died in the Balasore hospital later of his wounds.
In 1925, Gandhi told Charles Tegart that Jatin, generally referred to as “Bagha Jatin” (translated as Tiger Jatin), was “a divine personality”. Tegart himself is purported to have told his colleagues that if Jatin were an Englishman, then the English people would have built his statue next to Nelson’s at Trafalgar Square . In a 1926 note to J.E. Francis of the India Office, he described Bengali revolutionaries as “the most selfless political workers in India”
A great statue on horseback honors this hero in Kolkata today.